APA Citation of Sources On the Internet
Authors using and citing sources on the World Wide Web (i.e. Internet) should observe the following two guidelines:
Documents available via the Internet include articles from periodicals (e.g. newspapers, newsletters, journals, etc.); They may stand on their own (e.g. research papers, government reports , online books, brochures, etc.); or they may be in Web-based format (e.g. Web pages, newsgroups, blogs, etc.).
Following are the key points with respect to citing Web sources:
Sample APA Citations - Internet References
Following are example citations for some of the more common citations of online sources. (All sources cited are fictitious):
Internet Published Article Based On Printed Source Article:
Waterston, F., Dixon M. (2007). Cuisine as a cultural and
religious marker [Electronic version]. National Journal
of Anthropology, 7, 125-132.
Internet Article In An Internet-Only Journal:
Wiltshire, R. D. (2006, May 5). Changing thinking patterns
to reduce depression. Psychology For the Future, 3, Article
0012. Retrieved March 15, 2007, from http://www.
Internet Article In An Internet-Only Newsletter:
Perez, A. R., Winters, S., Jackson D.B., et al. (2005, June).
Using video to increase conversion rates. Marketing News
Online (05-06). Retrieved October 15, 2006, from http://
Internet Report Posted Online
Montreal Region Task Force On Crime, Interim Report
Number Two. (2006, November). Statistics and trends in
crime. Retrieved February 12, 2007, from http://
Document On Government or University Web site
Bank of Montreal,Business Coach Series, Developing Your
Business Plan, Retrieved August 5, 2007,from Government
of Canada, Canada Business Web site: http://
Report From Private Organization - On Their Web Site
Rassmussen, Inc. (2005, October 28). Knowledge Process
Outsourcing in Asia, Retrieved July 20, 2007 from http://
Frentzen, W. (2006, December 15). The money is in the list
[Msg 127]. Message posted to news://imf.internet.marketing
Gravely, S. (2007, June 12). Re: Letter writing for small
businesses. [The Write Place blog]. Message posted to
The above examples are for what I consider to be the most typical types of citations that would be made in the average paper. If you have an Internet source reference situation that is not covered here you'll have to check out the APA Publication Manual.
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